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Password is something everyone has a relationship with, but very few knows how to treat them. This post will touch briefly on how to make good passwords and how to store them.

NOTE: This post was originally an article living in my now removed digital garden.

Getting started

0. Use a strong password

And don't use the same password multiple places.

Everyone has heard this multiple times before, and it really makes sense, but in practise it's not that easy – at least not if you are supposed to remember them all in your head.

1. Use a password manager

What is a password manager? Software that manages your passwords for you!

Because it's impossible to remember all your passwords, since most of us use more than 3-4 services.

The usual recommendations are usually the open source ones, KeePassXC for locally stored passwords, and Bitwarden if you want a seamless experience via the cloud.

2. Create a strong passphrase as a Master Password

Master Passwords are important when it comes to password managers, it is the main key to open your vault.

What is a Passphrase

A passphrase consists of multiple words, commonly sepearated by a special character. The words in the passphrase should be irrelevant to each other.

A bad example would be apple*orange*kiwi, because all of those words have one thing in common, fruits!

2.1 How to create a strong passphrase?

You can either use your password manager to help you out or create one yourself. You create one by using at least 3 random words, one or more special characters to sepearate the words and add a random number somewhere for added strength.

I usually recommend a specific method to get started quick; pick 3 or more random categories, like this example:

  1. fruits
  2. car manufactures
  3. furniture

Then I pick the special character, I don't recommend ! as this is the most common one, pick =, [ or something more random. And lastly I pick a random number 18. It's important to note that you should know how to type the special character on either Mac or Windows keyboards.

With the steps above I could've put together this passphrase;


With a passphrase like this you can write down the categories you picked earlier and store them somewhere safe. Because it would be possible for you to know which words you accosiated with each category in your passphrase.

3. Use a Password Manager for all passwords

Update your passwords for all the services you use, use the auto generated passwords provided by the manager.

NOTE: Don't try to change them all at once, you will get tired and forget about the rest.

4. Use Multi-Factor Authentication when available

Also known as 2FA/MFA/Two-factor Authentication.

Use this when available. Sometimes the services we use store our passwords in plaintext, which makes us very vulnernable for leaks and/or attacks.